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shrub

Yaupon Holly

Ilex vomitoria

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Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria) at The Home And Garden Center

Yaupon Holly

Yaupon Holly

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria) at The Home And Garden Center

Yaupon Holly foliage

Yaupon Holly foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  15 feet

Spread:  12 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  6

Description:

Makes a great accent or rock garden shrub; a large amount of bright red berries that persist into the winter and attract birds; does best in evenly moist, acidic soil but is drought tolerant; shows salt spray tolerance; has somewhat brittle branches

Ornamental Features

Yaupon Holly is primarily grown for its highly ornamental fruit. It features an abundance of magnificent red berries in early fall. It has attractive dark green foliage which emerges lime green in spring. The small glossy oval leaves are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. The flowers are not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Yaupon Holly is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a mounded form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds and bees to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Yaupon Holly is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • General Garden Use
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Yaupon Holly will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 15 years.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for rich, acidic soils, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America.

Yaupon Holly makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Because of its height, it is often used as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Accent  Massing  Garden  Container 
Applications
Fruit  Foliage Color  Texture  Plant Form  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features